Biwathin Games Trail
  • Last updated:
  • 09 Oct 2019

As part of the 2018 Commonwealth Games event, council, in partnership with the Queensland Government, Nature Play Queensland and the Office of the Commonwealth Games, have installed a traditional indigenous games trail in Muller Park, Bli Bli. The games and trail location were selected in consultation with the traditional owners of the area, the Kabi Kabi First Nation People.

In addition, Council partnered with representatives of the Kabi Kabi people to develop instructional videos for the games. To access the videos, use your mobile device to scan the QR codes on the bollards.

Explore the Biwathin Games Trail to find out about traditional games that were played by indigenous children in many different parts of Australia. Most of these games were played to help children learn skills they needed later in adult life, for hunting and fighting.

The word Biwathin, pronounced Bee-wad-jin, comes from the Kabi Kabi language of the Sunshine Coast and means ‘to laugh’. Muller Park has been selected for the games trail as it has a significant Kabi Kabi history.

Come play, laugh and experience the games trail at Muller Park, Bli Bli.

Traditional Indigenous Games Trails can be found throughout Queensland.

Buroinjin[128KB] is a running and passing ball game with two teams of six to eight players.

The aim is for a player of one team to run as far as possible with the ball and cross over a line at the other end of the field. He or she attempts to do this without being touched by an opponent.

Watch this video to see how to play Buroinjin

Millim baeyeetch[111KB] is a keep-away ball game for two teams of six to 12 (or more) players.

Players attempt to keep possession by kicking the ball to other members of their team.

Arrkene irreme[104KB] is a hitting and fielding game for two or more people in which the batter attempts to hit a ball as far as possible.

Watch this video to see how to play Arrkene Irreme

Gitja[93KB] is a chasing-and-catching (tag) game for a group of 10–14 or more players.

Watch this video to see how to play Gitja

Garumba[134KB] is a wrestling game that can be played as individual contests or with teams of four to six players

Players attempt to push an opposing player out of a circle or past a line.

Watch this video to see how to play Garumba

The game[120KB] consists of stalking a feather, in imitation of hunting an emu. It is recognised that individuals will hunt in different ways.

Watch this video to see how to play Wittchim

Marutchi[120KB] is a swimming-and-catching game for a group of six to 20 players in which a player swims around and avoids being caught by other players.


All traditional ‘Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander’ games have been sourced from Yulunga - Traditional Indigenous Games (Australian Sports Commission, 2009) and used with the permission of the Australian Sports Commission and Kabi Kabi First Nation People.

The Australian Sport Commission and the Queensland Government acknowledges Ken Edwards for the extensive and thorough research undertaken to collate the Yulunga: Traditional Indigenous Games.

To create this resource, Ken Edwards with the assistance of Troy Meston reviewed almost every available account of Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander games from all parts of Australia.

The Australian Sports Commission recognises the traditional owners of the games and activities that formed the basis of this resource. This resource is dedicated to all Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.