- Last updated:
- 06 Jun 2019
Feral animal control and the use of 1080
Protecting native wildlife is at the heart of what council is aiming to achieve through feral animal control programs.
Council operates control programs for wild dogs, foxes, Indian Myna birds, feral deer, feral pigs and feral cats.
Under strict approval from Queensland Health and Biosecurity Queensland, council uses 1080 in a highly targeted program to aide in wild dog and fox control only.
Council has carefully considered the impacts and benefits from the use of 1080.
The facts - Sunshine Coast Council 1080 baiting program
When the baiting program is operational, council places large signs on all roads leading into the baiting area to warn dog owners to keep their dogs contained and not allowed to wander during this period.
Each property participating on the baiting program is required to display warning signage on their boundaries and entry gates.
All other landholders in the immediate area of the baiting program are sent written notification of the baiting area and period as well information on 1080 and keeping their dogs secured.
Council uses fresh meat baits which are tied and buried underground to minimise off-target baiting.
If not taken after seven days, baits are required to be dug up and destroyed or buried deep so as not to remain viable. When buried deep, the fresh meat bait decomposes in the soil after a few days and is no longer effective.
During the program, council and landholders set up monitoring cameras to reduce off-target baiting and confirm the bait was consumed by the target species (wild dog or fox).
The use of meat bait ensures it is not consumed by herbivores, such as deer.
Canid Pest Ejectors (CPEs) are also used to deliver 1080 via a capsule direct to the animal that has the pull strength to set-off the ejector device. Few animals, other than foxes and dogs, have the strength to activate the device.
Council does not conduct aerial baiting or use manufactured baits which can last a long time in the environment and can potentially be transported off properties and could therefore be taken up by non-target species.
In addition to the baiting program, council also assists landholders through the provision of trapping (rubber, padded, laminated and/or offset foot-hold traps), monitoring equipment, ongoing support, on-site property assessments, exclusion fencing and advice on how to prevent wild dog and fox impacts.
Australia’s native mammals, birds and reptiles have developed much higher tolerance to 1080 than introduced animals due to their evolution with naturally occurring 1080 in some native plants.
The name LD50 is an abbreviation for "Lethal Dose, 50%" or median lethal dose.
It is the amount of the substance required (usually per body weight) to kill 50% of the test population.
The LD50 measure used to determine the toxicity of a poison to an animal is shown below.
The dosage used for wild dogs and foxes, combined with the target specific methods used by council, provide safety measures to ensure any harm to non-target species is minimised.
Source: Queensland Government Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Vertebrate Pesticide Manual - A guide to using fluoroacetate, PAPP and strychnine in Queensland May 2018 (Version 3)
Dose and applications rates are different in different countries and do not relate to Australian requirements.
For more information on council’s feral animal control program visit https://www.sunshinecoast.qld.gov.au/Environment/Trees-Plants-and-Animals/Pests-and-Weeds/Feral-Animals
To find out more about 1080 see Biosecurity Queensland's 1080 (Sodium fluoroacetate) fact sheet.